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European standardized labeling
The European Parliament has passed a regulation to introduce a standardized labeling for tires across Europe. From Nov 01, 2012, the EU Tire Label will be compulsory for all tires that are produced after Jul 01 2012. The main aim is to increase the safety and the environmental and economic efficiency of road transport and to reduce total energy consumption by 20 % by 2020.
The 3 aspects of efficiency, safety and the environment are shown on the label in the following categories: fuel efficiency, wet grip and external rolling noise.
The principle is thus similar to the energy efficiency label that appears on washing machines, fridges and other electrical appliances.
The consumer is therefore able to objectively compare tires and to incorporate this knowledge, along with other criteria, into his purchasing decision. As well as the three label values there are other criteria that are relevant for safety and efficiency. These include, for example, mileage, braking performance on dry surfaces, driving stability and retreadability.
Basic information contained on the EU tire label:
1. Applies to: All passenger vehicle, van and truck tires
2. Does not apply to: All retreaded tires, T-type temporary-use spare tires, tires that are not road legal (e.g. racing tires), professional off-road tires, vintage car tires, studded tires, tires whose speed rating is less than 80km/h, tires whose nominal rim diameter does not exceed 254 mm or is 635 mm or more
3. Applicable from: Nov 01 2012 for tires produced after Jul 01, 2012
4.Information requirement: For commercial vehicle tires, the values shown on the label are also to be shown in all promotional technical material and Internet. The label will not, as is the case for care tires for example, be affixed to the tires as a sticker.
How to read EU Tire Label
1. Fuel efficiency/ Rolling resistance
Fuel consumption from A (low) ,B,C to G* (higher)
The rolling resistance significantly influences a truck’s fuel consumption and thus plays an important role from an economic and ecological point of view. This is because low fuel consumption has a positive effect on the carbon footprint of the vehicle.
2.Wet grip /braking performance
Braking distance in wet weather conditions from A (short),B,C to G* (longer)
Wet grip is one of the most important safety properties of a tire. A good value means a short braking distance on a wet road.
Improvement by one class means a reduction of the braking distance by 5 to 10 meters in the event of full braking from 80 km/h. In an emergency, every meter counts and could be the crucial factor in avoiding an accident.
3.External rolling noise/ Noise emission
Sound level from 1 (quiet) to 3 (louder) sound waves
The rolling noise of a truck tire contributes to traffic noise and thus environmental noise pollution.
As well as the measured value in decibels, the label will show the noise level in classes of between one and three sound waves. Three sound waves indicate tires that exceed the-limit which will be in force from 2016. Tires with two sound waves are below this future limit, with one sound wave they are below it by more than 3 dB.
A change to the sound level by 10 dB equates to the volume being halved or doubled.